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Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 47 (Muhammad) > Section 4 (Verses 29 to 38)


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Section/Ruku 4 [Verses 29 to 38]: An exhortation:
Chapter 47: (Muhammad)
(Revealed at Madinah: 4 sections; 38 verses)

1. Translation:

29 Or do those in whose hearts is a disease think that Allah will not bring forth their spite?

30 And if We please, We could show them to thee so that thou shouldst know them by their marks. And certainly thou canst recognise them by the tone of (their) speech. And Allah knows your deeds.

31 And certainly We shall try you, till We know those among you who strive hard, and the steadfast, and manifest your news.

32 Surely those who disbelieve and hinder (men) from Allah’s way and oppose the Messenger after guidance is quite clear to them, cannot harm Allah in any way, and He will make their deeds fruitless.

33 O you who believe, obey Allah and obey the Messenger and make not your deeds vain.

34 Surely those who disbelieve and hinder (men) from Allah’s way, then die disbelievers, Allah will not forgive them.

35 And be not slack so as to cry for peace — and you are the uppermost — and Allah is with you, and He will not bring your deeds to naught.

36 The life of this world is but idle sport and play, and, if you believe and keep your duty, He will give you your reward, and He does not ask of you your wealth.

37 If He should ask you for it and press you, you will be niggardly,a and He will bring forth your malice.

38 Behold! you are those who are called to spend in Allah’s way, but among you are those who are niggardly; and whoever is niggardly, is niggardly against his own soul. And Allah is Self-Sufficient and you are needy. And if you turn back He will bring in your place another people, then they will not be like you.

2. Commentary:

37a. In the concluding words of v. 36, it is stated that God does not ask of men their wealth, while here they are told that if He should ask them for it, they would be niggardly.

The two statements do not contradict each other. V. 38 makes it clear that Allah, being Self-Sufficient, does not stand in need of men’s wealth, so He does not ask of them their wealth for His needs — He has no need at all. Yet it is true that great stress is laid on spending wealth, but that is for man’s own good. This too is made clear in v. 38 — whoever is niggardly, is niggardly against his own soul. You are needy, we are further told. Man stands in need of making sacrifices for the good of his own soul and, if he does not make a sacrifice, he will suffer. There is no advancement in this world without a sacrifice, so if man has an urge for advancement, he must spend his wealth. [Back to verse 37]

 

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Chapter 46: Al-Ahqaf (The Sandhills)

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Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 47 (Muhammad) > Section 4 (Verses 29 to 38)


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